I frequently get questions from customers, authorities and students about life cycle data for our buses. Since some time we calculate LCA data for new models.
The Life cycle data is used to present an environmental product declaration (EPD):
Evidently, the fuel consumption of the bus is the single most important factor influencing the environmental load. With Euro IV the impact of emissions decreased considerably.
In addition, Volvo Truck Corporation displays an efficient tool for calculating the environmental load for transportation of goods. It is also very usefull for understanding the factors influencing the environmental load: