Two years ago EU decided on the 20-20-20 targets. After thorough analysis it was shown that three targets were needed in parallel in order to get EU prepared for future energy demand.
• A reduction in EU greenhouse gas emissions of at least 20% below 1990 levels
• 20% of EU energy consumption to come from renewable resources
• A 20% reduction in primary energy use compared with projected levels, to be achieved by improving energy efficiency.
The targets on greenhouse gases, energy from renewable sources and reduction of energy use are independent and essential. The member states already work with plans and road maps. Special attention has been paid to the transportation sector.
We know that by increasing travel by bus, in relation to other person transports (with exception of bikes), all three targets can be reduced. But, also buses needs to improve.
The decrease of emissions of greenhouse gases and change to renewable energy can be realized by converting to renewable fuel. However, several of the renewable fuels have limited or negative effect on the target to reduce the use of primary energy.
In fact, modern public procurement all over the world puts demand on the fuel consumption. The solution is efficient integrated hybridization. Like the Volvo 7900, the Volvo double deckers and the Volvo low entry hybrids for Latin America.
In ten years, what will the residual value be of a bus with a combustion engine alone, without electric take-off?